Balkan Countries: All About Traveling In The Balkans

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Balkan Countries: All About Traveling In The Balkans

The Balkans, or the Balkan Peninsula, is a distinct, and rather large, part of southeastern Europe. It takes its name from the Balkan Mountains that extend between the border of Serbia and Bulgaria all the way to the Black Sea. The region comprises many countries. Some definitions consider up to a dozen nations to be entirely or at least partially located in the Balkans. Most often, however, the definition—or public perception—is limited to the ex-Yugoslavian countries, Albania, Bulgaria, and Romania. It’s always up for debate.

As we at Chasing the Donkey focus on the entire Balkan Peninsula. This article talks about what to expect when traveling in the Balkans, more specifically in the countries of Slovenia, Croatia, Bosnia-Herzegovina, Montenegro, Albania, Bulgaria, Macedonia, Serbia, Romania and Kosovo.

Tourist Expectations vs. Local Customs

Map Of Balkan Countries: Balkan Countries List

This is a relatively undiscovered part of Europe. Much less visited than, for instance, the Iberian Peninsula, Italy, the British Isles and France, the Balkans are somewhat of a blank spot on the map for many Western European and North American travelers.

It’s not a stretch to state that a lot of Westerners don’t know much about the region. That is, of course, with the exception of the Balkan War, which devastated the region in the 1990s. Now twenty years ago, this war still seems to linger in people’s minds. If you’re one of those people who still associate the word “Balkans” with war and refugees, you really need to visit this gorgeous region. Things have improved and changed a lot.

That’s not to say that there isn’t a cultural difference, though. Western tourists used to 24-hour shops, overfriendly service and a speedy way of going about things might be disappointed. The Balkan people still very much like to take their time. Restaurant service may be slow; stores may be closed in the middle of the day, people living in popular tourist hotspots may not be inclined to greet every obvious tourist with a smile.

There are two ways to deal with this. One is to get frustrated and, by doing so, spoil your own trip. The second is to accept these “differences”—because that’s all they are, and move on. And if you get to know the locals, you’ll quickly find out that they’re often surprisingly amiable and open. Sometimes, there simply is a natural skepticism toward tourists, which is understandable.

Realizing that you’re visiting a distinctly different cultural region in Europe will help make your trip all the more enjoyable. Don’t expect Western comforts all the time—although many places do meet and even exceed those standards. Rather, be open and flexible. Immerse yourself in the local culture and inform yourself about local customs.

Balkan Travel Guide: Savica - Adventure in Slovenia | Slovenia Travel Blog
Balkan Travel Guide: Savica Waterfall Slovenia

The Balkan War

The Balkan War was an incredibly complicated conflict. Sparked by the collapse of the Soviet Union in the late-1980s, this war was the only exception to the peaceful transition from communism to capitalism in Eastern Europe.

The war was between Yugoslavian countries and was initiated by free elections held in 1991 in The Yugoslavian army stepped in and tried to suppress these newly emerging opinions of freedom. The two countries declared independence anyway, which was followed by the Ten-Day War in Slovenia and the Croatian War of Independence that would last until 1995.

In the following years, all the other countries in Yugoslavia gradually became independent. Bosnia-Herzegovina, a nation with large populations of Catholic Croats, Muslim Bosniaks, and Orthodox Serbs, was heavily affected by the conflict. The war eventually resulted in U.N. and NATO interventions. Both the Croatian and Bosnian wars ended in 1995 while the conflict in Kosovo lasted until 1999.

Nowadays, the Balkans are a safe region for travel with Croatia leading the way with a booming tourist industry.

In fact, the local life in the Balkans is virtually unaffected by mass tourism—with some exceptions in the popular coastal cities on the Adriatic Sea—and the locals are among the most welcoming and friendliest people you’ll ever meet.

Balkan Travel Guide | World Map
Balkan Travel Guide

Balkan Food
Soparnik-Recipe_How-To-Make-Poljički-Soparnik-6

An authentic and quite a rural region, the Balkans are home to vineyards, olive groves, truffle forests, goat farms and honey farms. If you’re a foodie looking for organic, local cuisine, this is a superb destination.

It must be said, however, that the Balkan people love their meat. Meat—beef, lamb, pork, chicken and of course, fish—is a prominent feature on any menu. Vegans might face a challenge when traveling part of the Balkans.

What To Eat Guides

Balkan Currency

Croatian Kuna Currency
What to Expect When in the Balkans: Kuna – Croatian Currency

Only two countries in the western Balkans use the euro. Those are Slovenia and Montenegro. Croatia, even though it’s part of the European Union, still uses the Kuna while Bosnia-Herzegovina uses the convertible mark.

At every border crossing, you’ll find places to exchange currency. Those places, however, tend to be major rip-offs, taking advantage of unwary tourists. You should try to exchange currencies at local exchange offices away from the border if you can. Better even is to budget your visit to each specific country. Try and take out the exact amount of money you think you’ll need—nothing more—so that you’re not left with a bunch of Kuna when heading into Slovenia, for example. It’s also worth noting that many places do accept euros. Not all do, though, so make sure you always have some local cash on you.

Visas In The Balkans

If you’re from a country in the European Union, Switzerland, Norway, New Zealand, Australia, Canada or the United States, you can enter Slovenia, Croatia, Bosnia-Herzegovina and Montenegro without a visa.

The allowed length of your stay does differ between those countries, though. Slovenia is the only country that’s part of the Schengen Zone, which allows free travel and a 90-day stay in this multi-country zone in Europe. This also means that a visit to Croatia, Bosnia-Herzegovina, and/or Montenegro does not affect the time you can stay in the Schengen Zone. This is particularly important for long-term travelers as the days spent in those three countries are not included in the 90-day Schengen Zone limit. Moreover, if you spend a significant amount of time in those countries, your Schengen stay might even be renewed when reentering one of the Zone’s countries.

This is complicated stuff, not relevant to the majority of people visiting the Balkans. For most travelers, it is enough to know that you do not need a particular visa to spend time in Slovenia, Croatia, Bosnia-Herzegovina and Montenegro as a tourist.

Here is a guide to who needs a Visa to enter Croatia

Just be sure to check with your local embassy before your trip – these things change all of the time.

Overview Of Balkan Countries

We’ll finish this article about what to expect when traveling in the Balkans with an overview of the four countries featured most on this website, as backpacking through the Balkans is popular and will likely include these amazing spots. This includes a brief intro to each particular country’s culture, characteristics, and highlights.

Slovenia

triglav-lake-slovenia | Croatia Travel Blog
Balkan Travel Guide: Triglav Lake. Photo Credit:

Slovenia may be small, but it’s packed with attractions. You can drive across in just a couple of hours, yet there’s everything from towering mountain peaks to historic cities, UNESCO-listed caves and a spectacular coastline.

Often considered as a Central European country rather than a Balkan country, Slovenia has more in common with Austria and Italy than with Croatia and Bosnia-Herzegovina. This is a place dotted with onion-domed churches, where geraniums adorn wood-beamed houses and characterized by a disciplined mindset.

Its major attractions include the Adriatic coast town of Piran, the Škocjan Caves, Ljubljana, Lake Bled and Triglav National Park.

Slovenia Travel Blog Posts

Croatia

Susak Island, Croatia, aerial view

Boasting one of Europe’s greatest coastlines, Croatia is one of the most popular beach destinations in southern Europe. The Dalmatian coast, especially, attracts thousands of tourists each year with its stunning beaches, clear water, scenic islands and historic towns. Croatia also features exceptional natural attractions, from gorges and mountains to thick forests, rivers, and lakes.

Croatia is a varied country. There’s the Italian-feeling Istrian peninsula in the north, the rural inland areas, the Dinaric Mountains just inland from the Adriatic Sea coast, the capital of Zagreb and the Dalmatian islands. Scattered within these regions, world-renowned UNESCO Heritage sites are not to be missed.

There are numerous attractions all over this amazing country, but you should focus on Plitvice National Park, Dubrovnik, Split, Zagreb, Krka National Park, Rovinj and the islands of Hvar, Brač and Korčula.

Croatia Travel Blog Posts

Bosnia-Herzegovina

Bridge - Things to do in Mostar Bosnia and Herzegovina | Bosnia and Herzegovina Travel Blog
Balkan Travel Guide. Old Bridge in Mostar

Bosnia-Herzegovina is the most culturally and religiously diverse country in the Balkans. Home to several ethnic minorities, such as the Bosniaks, Croats, and Serbs, this is a true crossroads country. This is a close as you can get to the Middle East and Muslim culture without leaving Europe.

In Bosnia-Herzegovina, cityscapes are dotted with both church spires and minarets. It’s one of the very few countries in Europe with a Muslim majority, which makes this a fascinating place to visit.

Combining a rich cultural heritage with beautiful nature, Bosnia-Herzegovina has a variety of attractions. Make sure you visit Mostar and Sarajevo, but also allow time to go whitewater rafting in Bihać, Banja Luka or Foča and explore little towns such as Trebinje.

Bosnia-Herzegovina Travel Blog Posts

Montenegro

KOTOR BAY MONTENEGRO - CROATIA TRAVEL BLOG

In terms of landscapes, Montenegro is one of the world’s most spectacular countries. Its name meaning literally “Black Mountain,” this is a place of magnificent coastal hills, sandy beaches, rugged inland mountain ranges, deep canyons, and shimmering lakes.

Its hospitable people make this one of the most enjoyable places to visit in southern Europe, especially if you’re after an off-the-beaten-track outdoor adventure. Additionally, Montenegro also has vibrant coastal towns. The most well-known one is Budva, one of the Adriatic epicenters of luxury and beach travel.

Places you shouldn’t miss include the Bay of Kotor, Durmitor National Park, Budva, and Sveti Stefan, and Lake Skadar.

Montenegro Travel Blog Posts

Albania

Ksamill Island Albania - Croatia Travel B
Ksamill Island, Albania.

A relatively unknown and unexplored country in the heart of the Balkans, Albania oozes culture and history. In fact, this is one of the oldest regions in Europe—if not in the world—sharing basically the same history as Greece and Italy.

Albania lies between Macedonia, Kosovo, Greece and Montenegro in a quiet corner of Europe. However, although it gets only a fraction of the crowds that visit Croatia, Greece or Italy, those who do go there often find themselves surprised by its wealth of ancient sites, beautiful architecture and vibrant culture.

This is as off-the-beaten-path as you can get in southern Europe, making it great for budget travel (especially when it comes to accommodation). Albania is a country boasting striking landscapes and wonderful national parks, glorious beaches and handfuls of historic towns and villages. Don’t miss Berat and Gjirokastra, the capital of Tirana, Theth National Park, Shkoder and the Albanian Riviera.

Albania Travel Blog Posts

Bulgaria

Bulgaria Travel Blog_Sofia Bulgaria

Bulgaria is more or less the very region where our ancient ancestors arrived in Europe. It is, therefore, one of the oldest inhabited regions on the continent, featuring several significant archaeological sites from the Neolithic period. Throughout its long history, Bulgaria has been the home of the Thracians, Greeks, Persians, Romans, Goths, Huns and Ottomans.

Needless to say, the mix of cultures, architectural and artistic styles is sensational. This fantastic heritage is reflected in the country’s ten different UNESCO World Heritage Sites, which include not only several amazing ancient sites but also a few breathtaking natural areas.

There’s plenty to see and do in Bulgaria, but major attractions include Sofia, the Ancient City of Nessebar, Central Balkan National Park, the Rock-Hewn Churches of Ivanovo, Pirin National Park, the Seven Rila Lakes, the Rila Monastery and the Madara Rider.

Bulgaria Travel Blog Posts

Macedonia

Serbia Travel Blog_Serbia View

Just like its western neighbor Albania, Macedonia can trace its origins back to even before antiquity. The oldest settlements date from as far back as 7,000 BC, but it’s not until the 4th century BC that it becomes the Kingdom of Macedon. Macedonian culture and heritage is a mix of local and foreign influences, much like most other countries in the Balkans. Note that the Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, as the country is officially known, is not the same as the historical region of Macedonia, which as much larger and spread out across three of its neighboring countries as well. (There’s still a dispute with Greece about the use of the name “Macedonia”.)

A landlocked country, Macedonia is a rather mountainous place. Its landscapes are rugged and wild, characterized by mountain ranges, valleys and large lakes. As you can imagine, its cities, and cultural attractions are old—if not ancient. Any Macedonia itinerary should contain at the very least Lake Ohrid, Matka Canyon, Mavrovo National Park and Skopje.

Macedonia Travel Blog Posts

Serbia

Novi Sad Serbia

One of the largest countries in the Balkans, Serbia is the only country in Europe that uses both Latin and Cyrillic alphabets. Its capital city of Belgrade is one of southeastern Europe’s largest and oldest cities, home to striking Communist-era buildings and Belgrade Fortress, just to name a couple of highlights. Belgrade’s Stari Grad is where you’ll find mansions dating from the 1800s as well as the iconic National Theater.

Outside of the capital, numerous historic towns and archaeological sites dot a countryside made up of mountain ranges, plateaus, and rivers. While there’s a wealth of culture, and history to be soaked up in Serbia, people who like being outdoors won’t be disappointed either.

Absolute highlights include Fruška Gora National Park, the amazing Drina River, the Nikola Tesla Museum, the Stari Ras and Sopoćani complex, Derdap National Park, Belgrade Fortress and the Studenica Monastery. Besides these, there are many other nature parks, ancient monasteries, fortresses and old towns to visit and explore.

Serbia Travel Blog Posts

Romania

Corvin Castle_Romania

Romania Travel Blog Posts

Kosovo

Prizren, Kosovo - Balkan Travel Guide

A landlocked country surrounded by Macedonia, Albania, Montenegro and Serbia, Kosovo is a partially recognized country in the Balkans. Although some nations still don’t recognize Kosovo’s independence, it is a separate, although small, region in southeastern Europe with a distinct culture.

This fascinating new country has a lot going for it, including its obscurity. Because many travelers don’t really know much about it, it has the unique potential to completely surprise and overwhelm unsuspecting visitors. Kosovo, after all, is gorgeous. It’s home to beautiful domed Serbian monasteries dating from the 1200s, picturesque mountain towns and world-class hiking trails.

Despite it turbulent past, Kosovo is perfectly safe to visit now. Yet, it does remain one of the last off-the-beaten-track destinations in Europe. Just like its neighbor Serbia, from which it declared independence in 2008, Kosovo is somewhat of a cultural crossroads in southern Europe, with both Christian and Muslim influences.

However, Kosovo’s greatest touristic resources lie in its spectacular natural scenery. Home to towering mountains, dotted with canyons and lakes, and crisscrossed by rivers, this small country is an outdoor lover’s paradise. You can go hiking, cycling, whitewater rafting, fishing, boating, skiing and snowboarding.

Kosovo Travel Blog Posts

Do you feel like you now know what to expect when traveling in the Balkans?

Balkans Travel Guide: Where To Travel In The Balkans

With soothing scenes of beauty, beautiful beaches, snow-capped mountains, links to ancient history, pristine lakes, buildings of medieval architecture, well known and small unspoiled islands as well as idyllic villages, the Balkans is one of the most wonderful places in the world I love to visit

Popularly known as The Balkan Peninsula, it is surrounded by the Mediterranean Sea and the Marmara Sea to the south, the Adriatic Sea to the west and the Black Sea to the east. The rivers Danube, Sava, and Kupa are usually referred to as its northern boundary. It is endowed with natural beauty and has umpteen numbers of pristine beaches, mountains, and historic settlements. In short, it is a traveler’s paradise and has much to offer in terms of exquisite holiday memories.

Did you know: One of the most famous personalities to have come out of the Balkans is Mother Teresa, now referred to as Saint Teresa of Calcutta. She was actually born in Skopje, the capital of the Republic of Macedonia before she moved to India.

Here is a list of where to travel in the Balkans.

Bar, Montenegro

Bar, Montenegro | Where to Travel in Balkans | Balkans Travel Guide
Photo Credit:

If you love to walk along beautiful, long stoney or sandy beaches, then consider heading to Bar, a picturesque, historic town situated on the Adriatic coast. And there is no better way to get there than hopping on to trainThe Balkan Express and then taking the ride from Belgrade to Bar.

This route is considered to be one of Europe’s most beautiful train routes passing through idyllic villages, mountains, and valleys that are so soothing to the eye. When in Bar, don’t miss the 2000-year-old Old Olive Tree of Mirovica, King Nikola’s Palace or anyone of the many fortresses or simply take a stroll through the old town of Bar.

Here is what else can you do in Montenegro.

Dubrovnik, Croatia

Apart from great beaches and breathtaking landscapes, Dubrovnik in Croatia boasts of many old buildings and is protected by UNESCO. The oldest arboretum in the world, Arboretum Trsteno, is situated here and dates back to before 1492. It has many Renaissance buildings that are considered architectural heritage. Apart from this the city also has walls around it and is dotted with towers and turrets, but don’t worry there are also loads of places to sleep close by.

While in Dubrovnik, do not miss a chance to sample some of the local delicacies served in the city’s exotic restaurants and in case summer finds you here, you will surely fall in love with some of the enchanting beaches (head to Orebic) in the world as you savor sunrise and sunset in the most ethereal manner. Beaches such as Copacabana Beach, Lapad Beach and Cava Beach are just a few that will not make you forget this city. After a day of exploring, maybe you’d like to stay in nature and go glamping here or one of these Croatian unique hotels here.

Sveti Stefan, Montenegro

If you are one of those who like to just put up your feet and look out on vast expanses of water, then Sveti Stefan is just the place for you. A beautiful island resort on the Adriatic, Sveti Stefan boasts of pink soft sandy beaches, historic villages, and crystal clear water.

Ever wondered why this region is one of the most advertised tourist destinations in the world? It is because of the serene environment and the majestic landscapes as those found in here.

Lake Bled, Slovenia

BEST BALKAN CITIES_Holidays In The Balkans - LAKE BLED

A medieval Bled Castle overlooking a serene lake in the backdrop of snow-capped mountains offers you a great panoramic view of the Julian Alps and the entire surrounding area.

Bled is one of those places that offer you scenic beauty coupled with historic architecture and tranquility. And, while you are looking check out the great skiing options in Slovenia too!

Here is what else you can do in Slovenia.

Maramures, Romania

Things To Do In Maramures Romania_Barsana monastery

If you would like to take a walk back in time, then you should think of spending a few days in Maramures – or any place in Romania. This area offers you absolutely picturesque sceneries and is home to many villages where century-old traditions are still followed.

The rural culture and crafts of the Romanian Dacian ancestors has been preserved to a great extent by the intimate villages. Simply put, it is here that you’ll get the closest to uncovering the true heritage of Romania.

Rugova Mountains, Kosovo

Rugova, Kosovo. Where to Travel in the Balkans | Balkans Travel Blog
Where to Travel in the Balkans: Rugova, Kosovo. Photo Credit:

Known as the Albanian Alps, the Rugova Mountains are a proclaimed National Park and are very popular among winter sports enthusiasts. The abundance of waterfalls, canyons, lakes, valleys, caves and tall peaks offer amazing views to the hikers, climbers, and backpackers.

Whether you are the hiking or hunting kind, Rugova in Kosovo has got you covered. The cool ambiance is enough to help you make some unforgettable memories.

Ani Ghost City, Turkey

Where to Travel in the Balkans: Ani, Turkey | Balkans Travel Guide
Where to Travel in the Balkans: Ani, Turkey. Photo Credit:

A magnificent medieval city that was abandoned and forgotten and is now in ruins. Known as the City of Thousand Gates and City of Forty Gates, Ani has much to offer in terms of beautiful churches and minarets dating back to 961.

Local volcanic basalt, a sort of tufa stone is what was used in the construction of all the structures that you find in this city. Apart from the fact that it is easily carved, it also comes in a variety of vibrant colors, from creamy yellow to rose-red, to jet black that makes the structures look beautiful.

Ohrid, the Republic of Macedonia

Kaneo, Ohrid, Macedonia

What makes this place a captivating site is that Ohrid is one of only 28 sites that are part of UNESCO’s World Heritage that are Cultural as well as Natural sites.

Ohrid is interestingly referred to as the Jerusalem of the Balkans and once had 365 churches, one for each day of the year! Situated on the crystal clear emerald lake called Ohrid, this town also boasts several ancient monasteries.

Dhërmi, Albania

Balkans Travel Guide: Best Beaches in the Balkans: Dhermi Beach
Balkans Travel Guide: Best Beaches in the Balkans: Dhermi Beach. Photo Credit:

Dhermi is a relatively small, nondescript village with an amazing turquoise coastline and is built on a slope of the Ceraunian Mountains. You could stroll through the magnificent beaches or look up on one of the churches. Apart from the tranquility, this village now also offers some exciting nightclubs to keep you entertained.

Meteora, Greece

Where to Travel in the Balkans: Meteroa, Greece | Balkans Travel Guide
Meteroa, Greece. Photo Credit:

The name Metéora literally translates to “middle of the sky” or “in the heavens above.” Huge monolithic pillars and rock formations abound here. Want to experience a slice of heaven in the Balkans? Meteora is your best bet.

One of the most visited sites around Greece is the six monasteries that are built on natural conglomerate pillars, at the northwestern edge of the Plain of Thessaly near the Pineios River and the Pindus Mountains. The view of the mountains from these monasteries certainly makes it a must-see destination.

This list just mentions only a few of the best places to stay and explore in the Balkans. The Balkans offers any tourist an amazingly wide variety of choices to pick from. If you are planning your next holiday, do consider the Balkans and you will realize that it is indeed one of the most diverse parts of the world.

So tell us, where are you going to go first in the Balkans?

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Comments (16)

  1. This is a really informative article about the Balkans! Thank you. I’ve always been interested in traveling there, but did not know the history as you explained it. I did not know where to start; however, after your article the western Balkans may be my next destination!

  2. Did you purposely leave out Kosovo ? They also use the euro. It is not just two countries . I bet the people in Kosovo would also like to be included in this travel lost. It is a nice country to visit .

    1. Yeah, it was intentional. I have, nor anyone I know has been there – so how can I advise people on that place? I bet the people in Kosovo would would love you to write a travel blog about them – good luck.

  3. I have road-tripped with a newborn and an older child, and my big piece of advice would be to not all cram into one small hotel room, if you can help it. If you can, splurge on 2 rooms or find houses/apts to stay in so that everyone can hopefully sleep better.

    1. Ohh yeah, long gone are hotel days with kids. They make too much noice ahhahaha. You are so right.

  4. I never had any issues travelling with my kids. Montegro isn’t too far from you, but you would love the drive from mostar to sarajevo, i am from australia and a croat, but would love to buy a property in sarajevo.

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